This year’s October Big Day is just a month away – October 8th – the day birders unite across the world to provide a look at the distribution of birds during mid-fall migration. Big Days are a 24-hour opportunity to celebrate birds near and far, but you don’t need to be a marathoner, you can participate if you just have 15 minutes to spare, or if you have 15 hours to devote. Last October, birders from 195 countries reported 7,238 different species of birds during October Big Day 2021, demonstrating the power of birds to bring people together around the world. Can we count you in this year?
Have you ever wondered what triggers birds to migrate, how birds navigate across the landscape, or when migrating at night? Join a Free Q&A session about bird migration live online this Monday, September 12th at Noon (Eastern Daylight Time) for an open question and answer webinar about bird migration with ornithologist and Bird Academy course instructor Dr. Kevin McGowan. You are welcome to submit questions in advance when you register, or you can ask questions live during this online instruction provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
As birds migrate into our favorite birding locations and even into our yards, it’s natural to wonder where did these birds nest, and at the same time, where will these birds migrate to? Those questions are relatively simple and fairly easy to answer, but today we have some remarkably sophisticated information resources that provide amazing details about North American birds, as well as many birds worldwide. New animated distribution and abundance maps show weekly snapshots of where each species can be found throughout the year, called “eBird Status and Trends.”
Checking from a distance with binoculars, I was delighted to see My first Merlin of fall migration, a young pale Prairie Merlin no less! It was a nice look at this small falcon, and after drinking it in, I released my foot from the brake and eased forward until I saw the little Merlin adjust its tail upward, which prompted me to turn off the engine and focus my camera on the young falcon. I watched the lighting and shadows on its face as it turned its head as its search for a hunt. It was a bit of a breakthrough, as the first Merlin of the season to cross my path.
The Victory SF Binocular is the new benchmark for birders in the 125-year development of Zeiss Binoculars, featuring high-quality optics, light weight, full-size with a unique ergonomic design, and a dynamic fast-focus feature. Zeiss Victory SF Binoculars provide clear, sharp, bright views of birds in any habitat with a most impressive light transmission rate of 92 percent. The 8x magnification offers the widest view, providing an extra-wide field of view of 444 feet at 1000 yards, and the 7 lens eyepiece delivers extremely sharp focus that extends to the edges of your view.
Great fun for everyone, window feeders give you even closer looks at birds, and Duncraft has more than 50 different window feeder models available for you to offer any variety of bird foods. Choose among an interesting assortment of seed feeders, nectar feeders, and window feeders that hold suet, grape jelly, oranges, peanuts – there’s even a hanging thistle sock window feeder available in the Duncraft mix. Window feeders provide a level of fun that can be shared with children and visitors, and to try to attract new birds for a closer look.
The master of owl photography, Paul Bannick, provides birders with remarkable books that feature hundreds of intimate owl photos, and now you can enjoy owls each month with an impressive new calendar: Owls 2023, a 12-month wall calendar. The calendar and books that include Snowy Owl, Great Gray Owl, OWL, and The Owl and the Woodpecker, are all available from Mountaineers Books. Let the Owls Calendar bring the outdoors into your home or office, and learn more about North American owls through Bannick’s excellent selection of owl books.
Rare birds are on the move, as evidenced by 7 new state and provincial records last week, the most outstanding being the First State Record Bermuda Petrel photographed offshore Cape May, New Jersey. Similarly rare was the sighting of a Second State Record Golden-cheeked Warbler in the Tampa area of Florida. A Third State Record Yellow-crowned Night Heron surprised birders in urban Seattle, Washington, and a Eurasian shorebird sighting established a Fourth State Record for a Curlew Sandpiper in Tennessee – and there’s more.


September is a prime raptor migration period, making the coming days an exciting time to get into the field with your camera. Any local drive should turn up a couple birds of prey to view and potentially photograph. The species you find will depend on the region of the continent you live in, but birds of prey always provide the potential for good photographs. Toward the end of my birding drive Friday, I viewed a Swainson’s Hawk perched near the edge of a hayfield, but I opted to check on a hawk I notice perched on the top of a hill a quarter-mile to the west. I could only see its silhouette from my vantage point, but was able to follow a grass-covered abandoned road to reposition between the sun and the bird so I could get a better look at the hawk during peak evening light at 7pm.

The raptor turned out to be a rufous morph Swainson’s Hawk I have been interested in photographing; the other Swainson’s was probably her mate, and they raised 3 fledglings, 1 of which appeared to be perched on a hill to the south. This time, rather than trying to inch into position as close as possible, I stopped farther away from the hawk than usual. It allowed me to exit my vehicle on the top of the same hill where the hawk was perched with its back to the sun. Likewise, I stood with my back to the sun, facing the rufous hawk. As it looked over its shoulder in my direction, I pre-focused my camera lens on the hawk to be prepared in case it might fly, but I really wasn’t close enough to take the best quality of photos. Not alarming the hawk felt right.

The feather details are highlighted by perfect sunlight, which also documents the rufous coloration of the underside of this regal Swainson’s Hawk.

Suddenly, the hawk launched itself into flight, punctuated by a loud scream that pierced the still evening. I knew this territorial rufous hawk was vocal and reveled at the sound of its wild cry. It may have been that territorial fervor that made the hawk fly toward me rather than away from my camera. I could not have designed a better flight route for the grand raptor as it flew ever closer to me at an angle that bathed it in the sunlight of the summer’s eve. The sunlight brightened the markings of each feather while eliminating most shadows, and you can see the reflection of the sun in the hawk eyes – perfecto.

I began taking photos of the hawk as soon as it took flight, and the first 2 images showed the hawk’s curved beak opened wide as it called – Swainson’s calls are truly screams. Usually such flights happen all too fast, but this one seemed to take place in slow motion, which permitted me to be more relaxed as the raptor winged toward me – wings up, wings down, and all points in between as it muscled its way in my direction. What I was seeing through my lens was at once exciting and fulfilling – just the fact that the hawk would fly toward me rather than away was a thrill, yet I was reacting in a moderated fashion rather than in a tensed up jerky way, which happens when the action moves too fast.

The aerodynamics of a bird of prey are in full view in this image. Although the hawk is at a mid-point in it’s downstroke, its wings hole a similar position when it soars. (Tech info: zoom 600mm, aperture f7, shutter speed 1/2000 to 1/1600, ISO 400.)

When the rufous hawk passed the good sunlight line, as it passed by me low and close, I quite expected it to circle me; it just seemed like that kind of flight, that kind of interaction. But I watched longingly as the regal Swainson’s Hawk winged toward the sun, dropping below my hilltop stance. Even so, I think part of my nonchalance about this hawk photo opportunity led to part of the success of the series of photos that resulted. Rather than trying to force a photo op by getting closer and perhaps making the bird flee in response to my approach, by keeping my distance the hawk really dictated the action and the outcome of this interaction.

Its seemingly slow climbing flight in my direction was angled perfectly to show the details of its flight, including the aerodynamics of this long-winged Buteo hawk, while also showing the raptorial features of the hawks hooked beak and intense eyes. But even beyond the Swainson’s larger qualities, it showed the intricacies of the rufous belly feathers, even showing the faint delineation in color between the rufous feathers and its brown head and breast plumage. I couldn’t have enjoyed the experience more, and I don’t think I could have taken any better photos of this faire bird – timing, luck, positioning, and a bit of initial indifference seemed to have worked in concert.

It’s important to give the equipment a lot of credit during this photo series, and the zoom lens was used at the full 600mm zoom level, which means the Tamron proprietary VC image stabilization system was undoubtedly instrumental in keeping the lens steady while it was handheld in a standing position while following the flight of the impressive raptor.

A Historic Context

This rufous hawk and I actually have history: I took my first photo series with her when she appeared as the first Swainson’s Hawk to arrive in the area during April of 2017, my first spring after returning to the Dakota outback from southern California. This uniquely colored hawk, unique among hawks in this area, has returned to her nesting territory 6 miles south of my office each spring ever since with a normally colored adult male, possibly the same bird although it’s impossible to tell because all normally colored Swainson’s in the area are indistinguishable.

That said, perhaps our long-time connection had something to do with the hawk’s flight in my direction, rather than away from me – but that’s probably a too-human angle of thought. It all happened quickly after I parked on the hilltop, and the flight took just a minute of time – a minute I will enjoy recounting each time I see one of the resulting photos.

Similarly, the auto-focus was key in getting sharp images of the hawk in flight throughout the photo series. In just a couple weeks this regal hawk will turn south and fly thousands of miles to inhabit the grasslands of northern Argentina during our winter (see ya next spring).

So much about bird photography is spontaneous; suddenly, there’s a bird; you raise your camera and focus, it acts or reacts, and you do or don’t get some fine fotos. It’s never a sure thing, but we do what we can to make the opportunity successful. We have the right equipment, we know how to use it, we have the experience to react and adjust to each photo situation. We have our camera settings ready for action under the current conditions, and even before these things, we have selected the best time of day to be in the field, camera in hand, or at least within reach, and we hope the birds we try to photograph accept us on some level, hopefully not fleeing the scene.

But most important, it’s up to us as birders to make time to get out there, search for photogenic birds, and do what you can do to make the most out of each photo opportunity, all the while keeping the bird’s well-being foremost in mind, trying not to interrupt it or other birds around it. And then there is luck; always bring some luck in your pocket too – Good Luck!

Article and photographs by Paul Konrad

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