On the most simplistic level, some birders may attract more birds by re-positioning their feeding station away from loud traffic or bright night lights. On much larger levels, conservation planning will benefit from information revealed in this new study (the Duncraft Eco- Strong Platform Feeder & Pole).
A new study reports that birds tend to avoid backyard feeders located in noisy areas, and when excess light and noise pollution were both present, even more species stayed away from feeding stations. Using data from the birding community program Project FeederWatch, this new research was recently published in the journal Global Change Biology. The research team analyzed more than 3.4 million observations by birders including 140 different bird species at feeders across the continental United States.
“Broadly speaking, we are just starting to dive into the consequences of light and noise for animals,” said Ashley Wilson, a graduate student at California Polytech State University who led the study. “Most studies focus on a single species’ responses to noise or light pollution. As such, our study involving 140 species provides the most comprehensive assessment of how noise and light influence which birds we see in our yards and neighborhoods.”
Common and widespread bird species such as American Goldfinches, Cedar Waxwings, and White-breasted Nuthatches all avoided areas with excessive noise. In areas where light and noise pollution both were present, many additional species avoided backyard feeders. While certain species may be able to cope with excesses of one of these pollutants, the addition of a second might overwhelm their coping abilities.
“These responses would have been overlooked completely if researchers only focused on the influence of light or noise individually rather than considering the total exposure to both sensory pollutants,” Wilson said. “Our overall influence on sensitive species could be more widespread than was originally thought.”
Researchers also found that noise and light pollution affect birds differently across distinct environments. For example, birds that live in forests tend to be more sensitive to noise and light than those that live in grasslands. Seasonal patterns and variations in the length of night also influenced how species respond to light pollution. For example, during longer nights nearly 50 species increased in abundance at feeders where there was extended light pollution.
“That many species are more abundant in lighted areas when nights are longer could be because winter nights present challenging conditions, especially farther North where temperatures drop below freezing and birds use a lot of energy to stay warm and survive,” said Cal Poly biology professor and senior author Clint Francis. “It is possible that light at night provides the opportunity to stay active and continue eating into the night time hours. Still, exposure to light could create problems that we could not measure in this study, like altered sleep patterns and increased stress.”
Globally, light and noise pollution are continuing to spread each year. These pollutants not only impact urban areas, but they also are starting to leak into protected natural areas. “If birds cannot tolerate the increased intensity and presence of these pollutants, then we may end up seeing fewer species in brightly lighted and noisy places, even in protected areas” Wilson explained. More research is needed to learn how to manage these pollutants, added Wilson.
How species respond to noise and light may also be influenced by a species’ innate ability to detect and comprehend sensory cues. Additionally, studying light and noise together may allow scientists to identify sensory danger zones that have the highest risk of impacting vulnerable and rare species.
The above information was provided by California Poly State University and originally reported by ScienceDaily at https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/06/210610135715.htm
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